Humans are the only living things on planet Earth who are responsible for destroying its environment. Humans pollute the air, water, soil, light, sound and even the sky. This is due to human activities such as travel, power generation, industrial waste dumped in rivers, polyethylene waste, deforestation, nuclear testing, automobiles, industrialization, man-made methods used in l agriculture, cell phones, etc. This pollution is harmful not only to humans but also to animals and plants. Environmental pollution decreases the healthy lifespan of every living thing.
Environmental degradation is the deterioration of the environment through the depletion of resources such as air, water and soil; destruction of ecosystems; habitat destruction; the extinction of wildlife; and pollution.
Human activities affect the environment by contributing to air, water and soil pollution. While it may be difficult to determine which pollutants are associated with specific environmental or public health effects, it is generally accepted that air pollution can indeed cause public health problems and also harm human life. plant and animal life. Pollution is not limited to the air. It can affect soil or waterways and can come from human wastes, industrial chemicals and other sources. These toxins can put enormous stress on the natural world, leading to environmental degradation and problems such as acid rain and harmful algal blooms in the ocean.
Noise pollution: Noise of human origin due to mechanized automobiles, industries, trains, planes, loudspeakers, etc., causes noise pollution which has an impact on the biotic and abiotic components of the environment.
Water pollution: Human activities related to the disposal of sewage, solid waste, municipal waste, agricultural and industrial waste make the environment unsuitable for daily use. In addition, polluted water spreads or leads to different diseases.
Deforestation refers to the shrinking of forest areas around the world that are being destroyed for uses such as cropland, urbanization or mining activities. Growing populations need housing, which means they are looking for more space to build houses and cities. This often involves clearing forests to make room for urban and peri-urban development, as well as to provide building materials. Currently, an estimated 18 million acres of trees are cut each year to create space for development and for use in wood products.
Deforestation has many effects, including lower oxygen levels (and increased greenhouse gases), a high risk of soil erosion and destruction of animal habitats. But as is the case with industrial agriculture, some groups have sought to create a positive counter-impact to the harmful effects of deforestation on the environment.
Although human industrial activities provide for the basic needs of society, they simultaneously release many pollutants into the environment. Pollutants cause loss of raw materials, health risks, increased mortality rate, crop damage, making the environment unsuitable for living organisms. There are several forms of industrial pollution. Industrial pollution can also impact air quality and can penetrate the ground, causing widespread environmental problems. Industrial activities are a major source of air, water and soil pollution, causing illness and death all over the world.
USE OF PAPER
Hundreds of different papers are produced and used daily: newspapers, paper towels, toilet paper, checks, documents, receipts, the list goes on and on. It is important to remember that the only resource for paper are trees. Due to the need for hygiene and unnecessary lifestyles, the demand for paper keeps increasing, so trees are being cut down to meet the needs of the market, causing changes in the global ecosystem.
Nuclear weapon testing is the most dangerous human activity that destroys nature on a much larger scale. These tests are carried out either on the surface, or underground, or sometimes even underwater. These tests result in the uncontrolled release of radioactive material which has several harmful effects on the health of humans, animals and nature as a whole.
With the sharp increase in population, there is also an increase in food production. To facilitate this production, crops are produced through the use of toxic fertilizers and have extremely low nutritional values.
LOSS OF HABITAT AND EXTINCTION
Conservation of wildlife is becoming increasingly difficult because their natural habitat is constantly threatened and destroyed. Water pollution and deforestation are the main reasons for habitat loss. Deforestation can result in abundant land for humans, but leaves animals homeless. Human activities are triggering the extinction of species on an unprecedented and massive scale. The destruction of natural habitat as well as environmental and global warming, poaching, pollution and deforestation are some of the main causes of this tragedy.
Global warming refers to the rapid increase in the average temperature of the Earth’s surface over the past century, mainly due to greenhouse gases released by people burning fossil fuels necessary for industrialization. It causes the ice caps to melt and sea levels rise, causing tsunamis, cyclones and other natural disasters.
-The writer is a 5th semester BS student at Govt Degree College Bhaderwah. [email protected]